Lithium Iron Phosphate (LiFePO4) Batteries have been introduced since 1996. LiFePO4 Battery was introduced as a cathode material for the lithium batteries. The batteries have numerous advantages over the conventional lithium ion products available in the market. These advantages include low price tag, non- fatality, exceptional thermal strength, protective features, worthy electrochemical output with high specific capacity i.e. 170 mAoh/g.
Maximum Lithium-ion Batteries (Li-ion) available in customer appliances are Lithium Cobalt Oxide Batteries (LiCoO2). Additional diversities of lithium-ion batteries comprise of Lithium-Manganese Oxide (LiMn2O4) and Lithium-Nickel Oxide (LiNiO2). Primarily the names of these batteries have been derived from constituents of their cathodes. In all batteries the anodes are commonly manufactured of carbon including a range of electrolytes.
The Fe-P-O is sturdier than Co-O union. Such batteries over excited, the oxygen particles are greatly stiffer to eliminate. This steadiness of the redox dynamisms also aids quick ion relocation. Only under punishing warming, normally over 800 °C, failure occurs and this steadiness of Fe-P-O significantly lessens the danger of energy collapse in comparison with LiCoO2. Due to these distinguishing features the batteries have been chosen for the use in modern technologically developed products. These have proved to be equally good for utilization in commercial as well as domestic grade appliances available in the market.
Lithium Iron Phosphate (LiFePO4) Batteries have found a vast range of usage in commercial products world over. Few of the pronounced uses are as under:-
- Electric cars.
• Electric motorcycles.
• Mobile Phones.